List of Foot Issues for Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes and Foot Ulcers
Foot issues are general problems for the mature years of life for many people because it is farthest from heart and blood has no problem going down to the feet but coming back to the heart to circulate again becomes harder gradually. This natural fact and combination of Diabetes makes it worse and creates light to drastic problems for diabetic feet with high levels of glucose. Foot podiatrist is the medical expert for these problems. For general health care of the foot and to find changes to your feet keep in touch with a podiatrist. Here is a list of problems that can be faced
- Dry skin and cracked heels
- Blisters and sores
- Bruise and cuts
- Foot ulcers
- Neuropathy in the feet
- Feet Calluses
- Poor blood circulation
- Amputation of the leg, foot or toe amputation
- Achilles Tendinitis and achilles pain
- Bunions on feet
- Heel Bone Spur
- Ingrown toe nails
- Heal Pain or Planter fasciitis
- Stress fracture of the foot
- Gout disease – due to kidney problems caused by diabetes
What is Foot Ulcer? It is a sore spot in the feet when a person is suffering from type 1 and type 2 diabetes. It can start as a blister small cut or foot bruise and constant neglect and no treat ment or miss treatment can turn it into an ulcer. The end result of this is amputation of the toe, foot or leg. It is stated that 80 % of Diabetic amputations start this way.
Symptoms of foot ulcer for type 1 and type 2 diabetes
- Cold feet
- Pain in a particular spot of the foot
- Sores, ulcers or blister on the foot
- Changes in the skin color, turned darker, red or blue
- Swollen foot or ankle
- Fever, or other obvious signs of infection
Consulting a podiatrist who specializes in diabetic feet treatment is the best way to handle it and do it as early as possible to save all the pain suffering and best cure of the problem. Foot care specialist will follow testing and Diagnosis procedures to confirm the nature of the problem. This may include the following tests.
- CT scan
- MRI scan
- Doppler or arteriographic studies to determine blood flow
- Blood glucose test along with complete blood count test
After the results are received the podiatrist will be able to find a solution for your foot treatment and the patient will have to understand all the complications and care to be able to follow the treatment for the foot problem.
Keeping pressure off the foot by resting, special casts, shoes, boots and medication if needed is a part of the treatment. Wound care is very important. Suitable antibiotics and maintaining regular blood sugar levels with medicine/insluins planned meals and daily exercise is to be followed very carefully.
Skin graft debridement that is the removal of the dead tissue and gaining normal blood flow to the foot is the key to proper healing. If this is not achieved by treatment the final stage is amputation.
Prevention is even better than early detection
Read my previous post about the general care of Type 1 and type 2 diabetes foot care and make sure to check your feet every day and do the following
- Daily cleaning and applying best skin moisturizer with vitamin E or simply vaseline petroleum Jelly
- Inspect feet daily for the temperature, color change or any small cuts blister or bruises
- Get feet checked by the physician and once a year by the podiatrist
- If it is hard to trim nails get it trimmed with the podiatrist.
- Watch your blood sugar levels as close to normal as possible, by healthy meal planning, portion control, exercise daily and take medicines/insluins properly.
- Get your calluses removed by the podiatrist if any
- Maintain a foot temperature monitor and use it often for temperature checking of the foot to maintain a healthy temperature according to the instructions received from the podiatrist.
To simplify foot issues I will say keep an eye on your feet by inspecting and caring for foot health every day and check if there is any kind of change that concerns you. Early detection and proper early treatment will help you cure diabetic feet fast and easy.
The sole purpose of this information is health awareness. This information is real and based on facts. It is not a substitute for medical care from your doctor or health care provider. Please check with your doctor on any related matter that concerns you for your health and well-being.